Scenarios



Battle of Ayacucho -  9th December, 1824
  Source: Historia de la Revolución Hispanoamericana (1830)

Guide to Map
A. Royalists positions in the night from 8 to 9
B. Preparatory maneuver for the royalist attack
C. March of battalions under colonel Rubín de Celis
D. Maneuver and attack of Monet division
E. Attack of Valdés’ vanguard over the house occupied by the independentists
F. Charge of royalist cavalry
M. and dispersion of Gerona battalions by the royalist reserve
K. Battalion Ferdinand VII, last royalist reserve

Order of Battle
United Army of Liberty – 5280 men
Commanding General Antonio Jose de Sucre
Cavalry Command – General Guillermo Miller
Chief of staff- General Agustin Gamarra

1st Division  - General Jose Maria Cordoba – 2300 men

Bogota Battalion – Colonel Leon Gallindo – 600 men
Voltigeros Battalion – Lt. Colonel Pedro Guias – 500 men
Pichincha Battalion – Lt. Colonel Manuel Leon – 500 men
Caracas Battalion – Colonel Jose Leal – 500 men
Horse Grenadiers – Colonel Lucas Carvajal – 200 men in two squadrons

2nd Division - General Jose La Mar – 1280 men
1st Peruvian Battalion - Colonel Francisco de Paula Ortero –300 men
2nd Peruvian Battalion – Lt. Colonel Ramón Gonzales – 300 men
3rd Peruvian Battalion – Lt. Colonel Miguel Benavidea – 195 men
Peruvian Legion – Colonel Jose Maria Plaza - 270 men
Hussares de Junin – Colonel Isodoro Suarez – 200 men in two squadrons

3rd Division - General Jacinto Lara – 1800 men
Rifles Battalion – Colonel Arturo Sandes - 533
Vencedor Battalion - Colonel Ignacio Luque - 533
Vargas Battalion – Lt. Colonel Trinidad Moran - 533
Colombian Hussars Colonel Laurencio Silva – 200 men in two squadrons

1 Artillery piece – 4lb Mountain gun

Spanish Royalist Army – 8475 men*
Commanding  Viceroy Jose de La Serna
Cavalry Command – Brigadier Valentin Ferraz
Artillery Command – Brigadier Cancho
Chief of staff- Lt. General Jose de Caternac


Vanguard Division - General Jeronimo Valdez - 2063 men
Cantabria Battalion – Colonel Antonio Tur -580 men
Centro Battalion – 464 men
Castro Battalion – 495 men
1st Imperial Alexandro Battalion – 400 men
2 squadrons of Hussars of Fernando VII – 124 men
6 Artillery pieces

1st Division - General Juan Antonio Monet – 2264 men
1st Burgos Battalion – 540 men
Infante Battalion – 444 men
Victoria Battalion – 392 men
Guias Del General Battalion – 240 men
2nd Battalion of the 1st Regiment – 400 men
3 squadrons of the  Dragones de La Union cavalry regiment – 248 men

2nd Division - General Alejandro Gonzales Villalobos – 1720 men
2nd Burgos Battalion – 540 men
2nd Imperial Alexandro Battalion – 400 men
1st Battalion of the 1st Regiment – 400 men
4 squadrons of the Granaderos de la Guardia – 380 men

Viceroy’s Guard – Viceroy Jose La Serna’s – 146 men
Alabardero guard squadron – 46 men
1 company of the Guias Del General – 100 men
5 Artillery pieces


Reserve Division - General Jose Carratalla –1182 men
Fernando VII Battalion – 196 men
1st Gerona Battalion –   Colonel Cayetano Ameller - 450 men
2nd Gerona Battalion – Colonel Domingo Echezarraga - 450 men
San Carlos Cavalry squadron – 86 men
* usually the histories of this battle give a figure of  9310 men  but when the list are counted fro the records the total with artillerist is 8475 men

Sources:
Ayacucho by Alfonso Maria Borrero – 1974
Las grandes battallas del Libertador by Jaime Auguilar Parades – 1980
El ejecito realista en la guerra de independencia – Julio Mario Luqui Lagleyze – 1995
Banderas Olvidadas: El ejercito realista en America - 1990

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